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NICU Clinical Controversies and Pearls

Nishant Srinivasan, MD, Jennifer T. Pham, PharmD, BCPS, BCPPS, Holly D. Maples, PharmD


Nishant Srinivasan, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Associate Program Director, Neonatal-Perinatal Fellowship
Director of Simulation, Department of Pediatrics
Children’s Hospital at the University of Illinois (CHUI)

Jennifer T. Pham, PharmD, BCPS, BCPPS
Clinical Pharmacist, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Pharmacy

Holly D. Maples, PharmD
Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice
Jeff and Kathy Lewis Sanders College of Pharmacy Endowed Chair of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Antimicrobial Stewardship Fellowship Program
Director, Arkansas Children’s Antimicrobial Stewardship


Dr. Srinivasan, Dr. Pham, Dr. Maples, and the reviewers who contributed to this activity have no relevant financial relationships of interest to disclose.

Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

Learning Objectives:

1. Do Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents (ESAs) Provide Reliable Neuroprotection to Neonates in Need?

  • Explain findings from pre-clinical and clinical studies for potential benefits of ESAs on neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants.
  • Describe the use of ESAs in term infants and specific conditions in which ESAs may promote improved neurodevelopmental outcomes.

2. Do Babies Need an Extra Shot of Espresso: Risks and Benefits of High-Dose Caffeine in Preterm Infants?

  • Discuss clinical studies on the risks and benefits of high-dose caffeine citrate in preterm infants.

3. Babies, Bugs, and Drugs: What the Neonate’s Gut is Telling Us About Antimicrobial Stewardship

  • Recognize the impact of antimicrobial duration on a neonates gut microbiome.
  • Identify common uses of antimicrobials in neonates and assess the opportunities to improve duration of treatment.
Target Audience: Pharmacists Fee: $10 (or $45 for all 10 courses). For C4 2021 participants who registered for the live program, please use the access code provided to you by email.
Release Date: September 20, 2021 Expiration Date: September 20, 2023
Estimated Time to Complete: 1 hour CE: 1.0 contact hours (0.1 CEUs)

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